Before your body starts to show signs and symptoms of a sexually transmitted disease, it gets infected by a virus, bacteria, or fungus. A sexually transmitted infection usually does not show any signs but when it gets converted into an STD, you start to notice signs such as foul vaginal discharge, painful urination, etc.
Before we get on to the most commonly seen sexually transmitted diseases, let’s first understand what are the common signs and symptoms of an STD that will prompt you to see the best sexologist doctor in delhi.
What are the Signs and Symptoms of a Sexually Transmitted Disease?
Every sexually transmitted disease manifests itself through several signs and symptoms. Let’s take a look at some of the tell-tale signs of a sexually transmitted disease:
- Painful urination or pain while performing any sexual activity.
- Vaginal dryness and inflammation.
- Foul vaginal discharge.
- Swollen and tender testicles.
- Dryness and itchiness around the vaginal area.
- Irregular periods and painful bleeding.
If you start noticing one or more of the above-listed signs and symptoms, it’s best to consult a gupt rog doctor in Delhi near you. A gupt rog doctor in Delhi will educate you about sexual hygiene and reproductive wellness to prevent any future sexually transmitted diseases and also help you to manage your current signs and symptoms through necessary medication.
5 Sexually Transmitted Diseases
1. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
Pelvic inflammatory disease is a common sexually transmitted disease that’s associated with infections such as chlamydia, syphilis, gonorrhoea, trichomoniasis, etc. The causes behind pelvic inflammatory diseases are not limited to just sexual causes, other bacterial infections can lead to this condition as well. Pelvic inflammatory disease is commonly found in females and some of the symptoms that you can notice during this condition are:
- Acute abdominal or pelvic pain
- Painful urination
- Painful penetrative sexual activity
- Irregular menstrual cycle
- Fatigue and weight loss
- Generalized malaise
Antibiotics are the treatment of choice to treat the pelvic inflammatory disease if it is diagnosed at an early stage. If the disease progresses to get worse, it can lead to scarring of the fallopian tubes which cannot be treated through medications.
Syphilis is another sexually transmitted disease caused by a spirochete named Treponema palladium. The primary and secondary stages of syphilis are considered as a sexually transmitted infection whereas the tertiary syphilis is considered a full-blown sexually transmitted disease. During the early stages of the infection, you will notice a small sore known as chance around your genitals or anus or mouth.
If left interested for some time, the condition goes into a latent stage that has no symptoms while the disease progresses to get worse. Syphilis can have an overall deleterious effect on several organs of your body causing visual disturbances, hearing and memory loss, and multi-organ infections in the later stages of the disease. If you notice any signs and symptoms of syphilis, it is best to get it diagnosed and treated from a gupt rog doctor in Delhi or the sexologist in muzaffarnagar for definitive treatment.
Aids is a sexually transmitted disease that lowers the immunity of an individual by destroying the T-helper cells of the immune system. It is caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus that replicates inside the human cell through reverse transcription and slowly destroys the immune system of an individual. Therefore, a person infected with HIV is more prone to several infections such as tuberculosis and cancers such as Kaposi sarcoma. AIDS is not just a sexually transmitted infection but can also be transmitted through infected needles.
People suffering from AIDS go through generalized weight loss and fatigue, neurological disturbances, several viral, fungal, and bacterial infections, and cancers like non-Hodgkin lymphoma and Kaposi sarcoma. Currently, there is no definitive cure available for AIDS. However, a sexologist near you can help you gain knowledge about practising safe sex and keeping such sexually transmitted diseases at bay.
4. Genital Warts
Genital warts are some of the most commonly seen sexually transmitted diseases seen in India. It is caused by a low-risk strain of the Human Papilloma Virus. People infected with genital warts usually notice skin or buff-colored bumps on their genital area. The sad thing about genital warts is that even though the signs and symptoms of the disease are manageable, the disease is not completely curable because the virus continues to remain in the body even after treatment.
Some high-risk strains of the Human Papilloma Virus are known to cause abnormal changes in the cell cycle resulting in a range of cancerous conditions like oral cancer, penile cancer, cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, etc. The signs and symptoms of every cancer associated with this virus vary depending upon the site of the body that is affected. If diagnosed early, these cancers can have a good prognosis provided the individual responds well to chemotherapy and radiotherapy.